. . . one of the heroes of the Battle Of Gettysburg and, it might be argued, the most important of them.  If his regiment had not held off the Confederate assault on Little Round Top during the second day of the battle, and Lee had been able to station artillery there, at the far left of the Union line and commanding all of it, there is every probability that Lee’s assault on the Union center the next day would have succeeded, and Lee could have marched on Washington.

Before the war Chamberlain was a college professor in Maine.